Tag Archives: grep

Grep

GREP

This is crazy. grep 2.17 is out and has a lot of improvements. “a lot” means here:

And my poor Fedora 20 has only grep 2.6.3. It’s time to build packages.

Read more at http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.gnu.grep.bugs/5154

Grep is Your friend

GREP stands for Global Regular Expression Print. I think that every sysop loves grep, grepping and anything that has something in common with grep – this tool makes our lives really easier ;) If You’re not convinced than I think You’re in a good place – maybe the following text will convince You :)

    1. Excluding irrelevant words: sometimes We have to grep for some word but We have to exclude some irrelevant string. E.g. let’s grep for ‘index.html’ but let’s also exclude ‘404’ from this:
    2. egrep (extended grep, same as grep -e or grep –regexp=) allows us to do more powerful search including regular expressions with metacharacters like +, ?, | and ()
    3. Counting results – If we just want to know the number of lines that matched our query – We would use:
    4. Case Insensitive search – by default grep is case sensitive, If we want to make case insensitive search than we use:
    5. Matching eXact word only – by default grepping for Word will return lines containing SomeWord and <strongwordbytheway< strong=””>. If We would like to find only those lines containing exact word Word We should use:

grep -w could be also useful here.

      1. Matching left and right side of the word – to search for instances of string matching Word in the end or start We use \< or \>:Below would match any word starting with access, like access_entry:

        Below would match any word ending with error, like general_error:
  1. Showing context results – sometimes We would like to grep for some errors in logs, but we also would like to view the context of that log entry – e.g. grepping for ‘Relay access denied‘ in Postfix logs to see If that error is occurring with some pattern:
  2. zgrep – this one would grep in the compressed gzip file – just like gunzip -c flog.gz | grep Word:
  3. Coloring matched words – We can highlight our matched words with some color (check man page to see how to set exact color):